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Common chickweed

Stellaria media

Chickweed is found in many areas of the UK and can be an issue due to germination throughout the growing season and the formation of a dense mat of weeds which spreads over the ground.

It is an annual weed, short but outward spreading and can be dense.

Resistance riskALS TSR
LeavesOval and end in a small point. Chickweed produced small five-petalled white flowers.
Number of seeds produced per plant2500 (8 seeds/flower)
Seed shedMay to October
Germination periodThroughout the year
Germination depth3 - 4 cm
Primary dormancySome
Secondary dormancySome
Seed longevity2 - 5 years, but some >5 years
Factor promoting germinationPredominantly light, but some dark
Rate of seed decline with cultivations48% per year
Soil type and geographic locationVery widespread across the UK. Favours fertile nitrogen-rich soils. It likes moisture, but not waterlogged soil. usually grows under and altitude of 200m, but can grow in altitudes up to 400m.

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